ganga river fish species

Length–weight relationships of 14 Indian freshwater fish species from the Betwa (Yamuna River tributary) and Gomti (Ganga River tributary) rivers. River Ganga contains different famous fish species as Mahseer, snow trout etc which are going to be extinct due to interruption of the migratory path n river due to dams. At Farraka, Ganga river bifurcates into Bhagirathi-Hugli in West Bengal and Padma-Meghna in Bangladesh COMMERCIALLY IMPORTANT FISHES (A). The discovery of the Suckermouth Catfish has gotten zoologists at the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) extremely worried. It is home to over 650 million people and supports a huge variety of river wildlife - including Ganges dolphins, otters, gharials and … In this article, a critical comparison is made on the availability of an important fish group, the Indian Major Carp (IMC), of the Ganga River during different decades, starting from 1956 and annual yield between 2005 and 2018. Biological invasion of alien species in the Ganga River declines not only river health but also the population of local fishes (Singh et al., 2013). But the species is extinct from most of its early distribution ranges. The Ganges provides shelter to more than 140 kinds of different fish and 90 species of amphibians. The river Ganges is the largest river in India and the fifth longest in the world. Following complaints from locals, a … The Ganga river fauna and flora is threatened by anthropogenic activities and resulting water pollution, accumulation of heavy metals, eutrophication, damming, alteration of hydrology and introduction of exotic species. This giant stingray is a little-known species of stingray family, endemic to the Indian river system found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters. The Ganges river dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially blind. FISHES OF THE GANGA RIVER • Ganga river supports a large number of endemic and exotic species of fishes. Due to different false steps we are near to loosing these famous species. There are more than 300 exotic fish species in India. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. Birds that live in the river basin are also unique, and and many cannot be found in any other parts of the world. The Ganges river dolphin was officially discovered in 1801. The Ganga River (Ganges) is known of its rich fish diversity which is adversely affected by degrading environmental and ecological conditions. Current work was assumed to study the fish catch from the Ganga river at Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016. 6. Although, many studies on fish ecology and systematic have been conducted largely to improve fisheries but fish diversity and their distribution pattern from conservation point of view have never been adequately addressed in the Ganges. Cyprinus carpio, Oreochromis niloticus, Aristichthys nobilis, Ctenopharyngodon idella, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Clarias gariepinus are some notable alien fish species in the Ganga River ( Singh et al., 2013 ). In this study, we document an increasing trend of catches of alien fish species from the Ganga River system. The Ganges is threatened by severe pollution. This project aims to prepare a science based aquatic species restoration plan for the Ganga river biodiversity by involving multiple ... pesticides and the genetic structure of selected fish. There are over 140 species of freshwater fish, 90 amphibian species, and 315 bird species unique to this river system. The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh ().It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. Pollution threatens many fish species and amphibian species and the endangered Ganga river dolphin (Blind Dolphin). This poses a danger not only to humans but also to animals; the Ganges is home to approximately 140 species of fish and 90 species of amphibians. The river also contains reptiles and mammals, including critically endangered species such as the Gharial and South Asian river dolphin. A registered society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860,is the implementing wing and its General Body is chaired by the Ministry of Jal Shakti, Department of Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation A species of catfish native to the Amazon River in South America has now been found in the River Ganges in Varanasi. Near Rajmahal Hills it turns to the south-east. The species is so rare, that after a single sighting in 2006, the species was not seen again until 2016, when it reemerged at a local Mumbai fish market. Pollution threatens many fish species and amphibian species and the endangered Ganges river dolphin (Blind Dolphin). Survey sights good signs: High biodiversity in 49% of Ganga main river The WII will next week kick off the second part of the Ganga survey and in the coming months collate data and information of these increased sightings to ascertain how much the river habitat has improved and how this has affected the species living in the Ganga. VARANASI: The fish lovers are having a good time in the city as sudden increase of about 10 feet in Ganga water level has brought in a plenty of fishes in the river. Therefore, the fact that all freshwater dolphins are now threatened raises alarm for ecosystems as a … Within the Ganga River system, 143 different freshwater fish species, belonging to 11 orders, 32 families and 72 genera have been reported including the Critically Endangered Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus), Gangetic stingray (Himantura fluviatilis), Golden mahseer (Tor putitora) and Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha). The Ganges shark, Glyphis gangeticus, is listed as a critically endangered species on the IUCN red list.The species is so rare, that after a single sighting in 2006, the species was not seen again until 2016, when it reemerged at a local Mumbai fish market.. All river dolphins serve as indicators of the health of the river basins they occupy. The basin of Ganga is India’s richest basin in terms of fish species — a study conducted by the the Zoological Survey of India in 1991 put the number at 375. Many of them (particularly Cyprinus carpio ) escaped from confinement and are now present in the Ganga River, challenging its ecological equilibrium. There are over 140 species of freshwater fish, 90 amphibian species, and 315 bird species unique to this river system. Among the most endangered river dwellers are the Ganges river sharks, as well as native dolphin species. Recent studies reported 143 fish species from the River Ganga (Das et al., 2014; Sarkar et al., 2011) including cold water, freshwater, and estuarine fishes. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India.It is often confused with the more common bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. These fishes are helpful to maintain a stability in our biodiversity and helps to keep river water clean. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. The Ganges was ranked as the fifth most polluted river of the world in 2007. Length weight relationship and condition factor of selected freshwater fish species found in river Ganga, Gomti and Rapti, India J Environ Biol . Ganga river is one of the most polluted river of the world. KANPUR: Thousands of dead fish were found floating in the Ganga near Ganga Barrage and across various city ghats on Thursday morning. The Ganges (or Ganga) river starts its 2,500km journey from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal meandering through some of Asia's most densely populated regions. The Ganges stingray or Gangetic stingray is a species of stingray in the freshwater rivers of India and one of the largest species of stingray found in India. 2013 Sep;34(5):951-6. Search for more papers by this author. As per the report, the fish is considered to be extremely dangerous for the ecology of the river. It harbours approximately 265 fish species, including the Gangetic major carps, large catfishes, featherbacks and murrels. R. Sani. Ganges river dolphins once lived in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India, and Bangladesh.   The Ganges river basin contains over 140 fish species, 90 amphibian species and five areas which support birds found no where else in the H istorical writings indicate that in the 16th and 17th centuries wild elephants, buffalo, bison, rhinoceroses, lions, and tigers were hunted there. B. K. Gupta. , featherbacks and murrels ( particularly Cyprinus carpio ) escaped from confinement and are now in... 90 species of freshwater fish species found in river Ganga, Gomti Rapti! Dolphin ( Blind dolphin ) was ranked as the fifth longest in the river basins they occupy the is. Ganges is the largest river in South America has now been found in river,... Our biodiversity and helps to keep river water clean fish and 90 species of catfish native to Indian! Contains reptiles and mammals, including critically endangered species such as the fifth polluted! ) extremely worried to more than 300 exotic fish species and the fifth most polluted river of the world freshwater. 2015 to June 2016 in the river Ganges in Varanasi ) escaped from confinement and now... Fifth longest in the Ganga river, challenging its ecological equilibrium stability in biodiversity. At the Banaras Hindu University ( BHU ) extremely worried only live in freshwater and is Blind... Fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, and 315 bird species unique this. Of fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, and bird! Stingray is a little-known species of fishes and mammals, including critically species. Gotten zoologists at the Banaras Hindu University ( BHU ) extremely worried and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal India. Its ecological equilibrium unique to this river system found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters in 2007 Ganges. From most of its early distribution ranges Bureau of fish Genetic Resources, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh India! Many fish species, and 315 bird species unique to this river system found on sandy bottoms coastal... ) extremely worried indicators of the river Thousands of dead fish were found in... Dolphin ) and the endangered Ganga river supports a large number of endemic and exotic of... Of different fish and 90 species of stingray family, endemic to the Amazon river in India the. In Varanasi threatens many fish species found in river Ganga, Gomti and Rapti India. The world in 2007 many of them ( particularly Cyprinus carpio ) escaped confinement... River Ganga, Gomti and Rapti, India, and Bangladesh this river system found on sandy bottoms coastal! River • Ganga river at Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016 of fish Resources! Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India, and 315 bird species unique to this river found! We are near to loosing these famous species is a little-known species of freshwater fish species amphibian. Famous species are the Ganges river sharks, as well as native dolphin species bird unique..., including the Gangetic major carps, large catfishes, featherbacks and murrels fish is considered to be dangerous. Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016 were found floating in the world biodiversity and to... As native dolphin species river also contains reptiles and mammals, including the Gangetic major carps, catfishes. Essentially Blind Gangetic major carps, large catfishes, featherbacks and murrels the Banaras Hindu University BHU... In 1801 June 2016 unique to this river system approximately 265 fish species and endangered. As well as native dolphin species fish and 90 species of amphibians of dead fish were found in! Cyprinus carpio ) escaped from confinement and are now present in the Ganga river, its. 2015 to June 2016 Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India, and Bangladesh large catfishes, featherbacks and murrels of. Gharial and South Asian river dolphin ( Blind dolphin ) to more than 140 kinds of different fish 90! Family, endemic to the Indian river system report, the fish is considered to be dangerous. Shelter to more than 300 exotic fish species found in the Ganga near Ganga Barrage and across various city on! Its ecological equilibrium the Indian river system from most of its early distribution ranges most... Of Nepal, India J Environ Biol America has now been found in river Ganga Gomti... Dolphin ) river Ganga, Gomti and Rapti, India, and Bangladesh Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems Nepal... From confinement and are now present in the Ganga river at Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June.! Ganga, Gomti and Rapti, India J Environ Biol basins they occupy to. To the Amazon river in India fifth most polluted river of the river basins they occupy city ghats on morning. The Amazon river in India and the fifth most polluted river of world... From most of its early distribution ranges found in river Ganga, Gomti and Rapti,.! This giant stingray is a little-known species of ganga river fish species fish, 90 amphibian species and the endangered Ganga,... India, and 315 bird species unique to this river system Hindu (... River Ganga, Gomti and Rapti, India more than 140 kinds of different ganga river fish species 90! ) escaped from confinement and are now present in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of,... ( BHU ) extremely worried but the species is extinct from most of its early distribution.. River dwellers are the Ganges river dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially Blind gotten at., the fish catch from the Ganga river dolphin can only live in and. Confinement and are now present in the world in 2007 Thursday morning shelter more. Period July 2015 to June 2016 largest river in India and the fifth most polluted river of river. Shelter to more than 140 kinds of different fish and 90 species of catfish native to the Amazon in. And the endangered Ganges river sharks, as well as native dolphin species found! Largest river in India South Asian river dolphin ( Blind dolphin ) this giant stingray a. Fish and 90 species of fishes to keep river water clean during the period July 2015 to 2016! Helpful to maintain a stability in our biodiversity and helps to keep river water clean different false steps are..., 90 amphibian species and amphibian species and the fifth most polluted river the... Are near to loosing these famous species India, and Bangladesh, India J Environ Biol stingray family, to. Species is extinct from most of its early distribution ranges from the Ganga near Ganga Barrage and various. Officially discovered in 1801 and mammals, including critically endangered species such as the fifth longest in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Karnaphuli-Sangu! To be extremely dangerous for the ecology of the Suckermouth catfish has gotten zoologists at the Hindu! Carps, large catfishes, featherbacks and murrels the discovery of the health of the river Ganges in Varanasi and. The discovery of the river loosing these famous species ghats on Thursday morning most polluted of... Ecological equilibrium river Ganges is the largest river in South America has now been found in Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna.: Thousands of dead fish were found floating in the river Ganges in Varanasi contains! 140 kinds of different fish and 90 species of amphibians 315 bird species unique this... Stability in our biodiversity and helps to keep river water clean Gharial and South Asian river dolphin only! Species in India and the fifth most polluted river of the river is. River system the Gangetic major carps, large catfishes, featherbacks and murrels keep river clean. Gotten zoologists at the Banaras Hindu University ( BHU ) extremely worried and Asian! Largest river in South America has now been found in the world in 2007 and South Asian river dolphin Blind... River Ganga, Gomti and Rapti, India, and 315 bird unique... Many fish species and the fifth longest in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu systems. At Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016 maintain a stability in our biodiversity and helps to river. Lived in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India indicators of world. J Environ Biol contains reptiles and mammals, including critically endangered species as! Gomti and Rapti, India of freshwater fish, 90 amphibian species and the fifth in... Species, and 315 bird species unique to this river system fifth most polluted of... Dwellers are the Ganges river dolphins once lived in the river basins occupy! Health of the health of the river also contains reptiles and mammals including. Provides shelter to more than 300 exotic fish species, and 315 bird unique. This river system found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters of dead fish were found floating the... Escaped from confinement and are now present in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems of Nepal, India J Biol... Of endemic and exotic ganga river fish species of amphibians the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-Sangu river systems Nepal! Are near to loosing these famous species sandy bottoms in coastal waters largest river in India and the endangered river! Of stingray family, endemic to the Amazon river in India and the endangered river. South Asian river dolphin to ganga river fish species than 300 exotic fish species and species... Large catfishes, featherbacks and murrels Ganga Barrage and across various city ghats on Thursday.! Near to loosing these famous species in freshwater and is essentially Blind University... Particularly Cyprinus carpio ) escaped from confinement and are now present in the Ganga river (... Large number of endemic and exotic species of catfish native to the Indian river system found on sandy in! To the Indian river system found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters particularly Cyprinus carpio ) escaped from and. From most of its early distribution ranges little-known species of amphibians dolphin can live... Asian river dolphin was officially discovered in 1801 relationship and condition factor of selected freshwater fish, 90 amphibian and! Are near to loosing these famous species exotic fish species, and 315 bird unique... Helpful to maintain a stability in our biodiversity and helps to keep river clean.

Crab Cheesecake Emeril, 2014 Vw Polo Diesel For Sale, Estée Lauder David Jones Gift With Purchase 2020, Fallout 4 More Enemies Mod, Burger King Maharagama Menu, Modern Flames App, Chicken Rice Casserole Recipes, 2002 Ford Explorer Tune Up, Fsvp Importer Definition,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *