history of christianity in the philippines

In addition, most any place that has a patron saint (often barangays, towns, Catholic schools, and almost every church) holds a fiesta, where the saint's image is processed and feted with traditional foods, funfairs, and live entertainment on his/her feast day, which is often declared a holiday for the area. They had trade contacts with early Malayan Rajahs and Datos that had ruled these various Islands. The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth, with about 90% of the population being adherents. Theatre troupes or towns meanwhile stage Passion plays called Senákulo, which are similar to its European predecessors in that there is no universal text, that actors and crew are often ordinary townsfolk, and that it depicts Biblical scenes related to Salvation History other than the Passion. January itself has two important Christological feasts: the Feast of the Translation of the Black Nazarene on January 9, where the image is returned to its shrine in Quiapo Church in a day-long procession of millions; and the Feast of the Santo Niño de Cebú (Holy Child Jesus) every Third Sunday of January, with the largest celebrations being held in Cebu City.[9]. Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, "Philippines still top Christian country in Asia, 5th in world", "Timor-Leste: A young nation with strong faith and heavy burdens", http://www2.ttcn.ne.jp/~honkawa/9460.html, "Islam : What Do Muslims Think About Jesus? p�$y4��翓���h�>Y �!�����]��9hkI�=��I�70���׮�e2������;4P�Î�o-���/r`&,~]]�"B�n'2F�����|�p��:!NU�K���|P�&[\���"�M��[N�7�c�]_�w���"o�\N&��P����s��S���&_߾���z!YK��8j�����qK`� �^�@�,�'J��5`����@�'��p�X�yI|��ċ��`�X�����C���j�y�Lo���8��SoQ�H�x����5aƂR�����>Ok+L#��&��9h��g�W9. Magellan (or one of his men) was able to cure or help the young boy, and in gratitude Humabon allowed himself, his chief consort Humamay, and 800 of his subjects to be baptised en masse. This settlement became the capital of the new Spanish colony, with Legazpi as its first governor. … trailer Protestantism’s true mark on the Philippines was in the transmission of American values, including interest in sports, music, and civil organization. [9] This resistance to Western intrusion makes this story an important part of the nationalist history of the Philippines. 0000000016 00000 n Here, it is prominently depicted as the Magellan’s cross. After Magellan died, the Spanish later sent Miguel López de Legazpi. 0000005138 00000 n The YMCA, for example, was established in Manila in 1904. [5], Early Christian presence in the Malay archipelago and the Philippine Islands may be traced to Arab Christian traders from the Arabian Peninsula. %PDF-1.6 %���� |c 19XX- 336 |a Text |b txt |2 rdacontent 337 |a ohne … In order to achieve this, Spain had three principal objectives in its policy towards the Philippines: the first was to secure Spanish control and acquisition of a share in the spice trade; use the islands in developing contact with Japan and China in order to further Christian missionaries’ efforts there; and lastly to spread their religion.[10]. sion between the traditional religion of the native Filipinos and Catholicism. The Philippines is approximately 85 percent Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent 'other' religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of Chinese and the 'indigenous' animistic beliefs of some peoples in upland areas that resisted 300 years of Spanish colonial rule. 0000004231 00000 n Practises include the continuous melodic recital of the Pasyón, a 17th-century epic poem which narrates Biblical stories and the life of Christ, with a focus on the Passion narrative (hence its name). [1] As of 2019[update], it was the third largest Catholic country in the world (the first two being Brazil and Mexico) and was one of two predominantly Catholic nations in Asia (the other being East Timor). The history of the Philippine Muslims is part of the backbone of the historical development of the whole country. Popular holiday spots such as Boracay often dispense with these customs, while many people use the long holiday for overseas travel instead of observing the traditional rites. 0000007149 00000 n Boulder, CO: Westview Press. Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. Sitoy's work is one more contribution to Christianity's history in the Philippines, a task spurred on by the fourth centennial celebrations of the Christianization of the country held in 1965. Philippines. Unión Espiritista Cristiana de Filipinas, Inc. Atheism, Agnosticism and other forms of Irreligion, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christianity_in_the_Philippines&oldid=971906251, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Majority throughout the country (except in the. The Philippines ranked as the 5th largest Christian country on Earth in 2010[update],[note 1] with about 93% of the population being adherents. With his arrival in Cebu on March 17, 1521, his first attempt was to colonize the islands and to Christianise its inhabitants. Fasting and abstinence is undertaken throughout the season and traditional taboos are enforced on Good Friday, usually after 3:00 p.m. PHT (UTC+8)—the time Christ is said to have died—all through Black Saturday until the Easter Vigil. Christian Church History in the Philippines 5121, Roman Catholicism in the Philippines In 1521, the Portuguese navigator and explorer Ferdinand Magellan, under Spain’s service (Spanish Expedition), was on a mission to discover the “Spice Islands.” He … The Philippines has two lines of … Spain introduced Christianity to the Philippines in 1565 with the arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legaspi. allowed Christianity to take r oot, develop, and dominate in the Philippines. 21 0 obj <> endobj [11] He then established the first Permanent Spanish Settlement in Cebu in 1565. With the spread of Islam in Arabia, much of the Christian heritage of Arabia had ended and the Arab travelers focused more on spreading Islam to Mindanao,[6] through which they transmitted the knowledge of Jesus as a prophet to the Moro people. Cebu—Cradle of the Philippine Church and Seat of Far-East Christianity Philippine Church history began on Easter Sunday, March 31, 1521 when the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan landed in the tiny island of Limasawa and there they celebrated the very first mass in Philippine soil. Church history Additional Physical Format: Online version: Sitoy, T. Valentino, 1939-History of Christianity in the Philippines. 37 0 obj<>stream Christians celebrate important holidays in many different ways, the most important of which are Christmas, Lent and Holy Week, All Souls' Day, as well as many local fiestas honouring patron saints and especially the Virgin Mary. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Led by Father Urdaneta, Spanish Augustinian friars moved from Mexico to the Philippines upon the request of Philip II and became the first official Catholic missionaries in the country. However, no solid efforts were made to evangelize the native population. endstream endobj 22 0 obj<> endobj 23 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB]>>/Type/Page>> endobj 24 0 obj<> endobj 25 0 obj<> endobj 26 0 obj<>stream Prior to the arrival of Catholic missionaries and explorers from Spain, Islam had been introduced in the Philippines in the late 14th century through trade with merchants … If there is a tangible memory the first circumnavigation of world left in the Philippines, it is the sacred image of the Child Jesus. ", Bastion of Truth Reformed Churches in the Philippines, Christian and Missionary Alliance Churches of the Philippines, Christian Reformed Church in the Philippines, Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the Philippines, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ (4th Watch), Philippines General Council of the Assemblies of God, Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches, Evangelical Methodist Church in the Philippine Islands, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association. Many historians have claimed that the Philippines peacefully accepted Spanish rule; the reality is that many insurgencies and rebellions continued on small scales in different places through the Hispanic colonial period. x�b```f``�����0۟����2�@q� �?�``������z��v��Wa�>��30 �u10H�E��20103�2�0�0�0�0�302[3�2ݞsh6� ����l@����0a`R� Ҍ@� � �0� At this time period, almost nothing was known to the West of the Philippines and so information on most pre-Hispanic societies in the islands date to the early period of Spanish contact. (other two nations are Brazil and Mexico). This page was last edited on 9 August 2020, at 00:04. Later, these Arab traders along with Persian Nestorians, stopped by … Catholicismin the PHILIPPINES TODAY Roman Catholics worship God through its Liturgy or the sacrament of the Eucharist, through mass usually every Sunday of the week. The History of the Establishment and Expansion of Christianity in the Philippines Christianity in the Philippines dates back to the Spanish colonization. In May, the Flores de Mayo (literally, "Flowers of May") is when small altars are bedecked with flowers in honour of the Virgin Mary. Christianity then spread through the missionary work of his apostles, first in the Levant and taking roots in the major cities such as Jerusalem and Antioch. Filipinos living and working in Metro Manila and occasionally those from the diaspora often return to their respective home provinces and towns to observe these holidays with their birth families, much like the practise in Mainland China for traditional holidays. 30. The Philippines is approximately 85 percent Christian (mostly Roman Catholic), 10 percent Muslim, and 5 percent 'other' religions, including the Taoist-Buddhist religious beliefs of Chinese and the 'indigenous' animistic beliefs of some peoples in upland areas that resisted 300 years of Spanish colonial rule. They had trade contacts with early Malayan Rajahs and Datos that had ruled these various Islands. 0000000856 00000 n His work attempts to tell "not 0000000918 00000 n startxref 0000001405 00000 n Most Philippine communities, with the exception of the Muslim sultanates in Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago, were fairly small and lacking in complex centralised authority. The Visita Iglesia is the praying of the Stations of the Cross in several churches (often numbering seven) on either Maundy Thursday or Good Friday.

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