etiology vs pathology

A pathological condition refers to an undesired condition that may be caused by a specific agent. This part describes in detail the progression of the disease beginning with how the risk factors trigger the disease up to its complete manifestation. Etiology refers to the causation of the particular disease, whereas pathophysiology refers to the physiological changes taking place in the host owing to the disease. 2002 Jun;35(3):529-45, vi. 2. As nouns the difference between etiology and pathology is that etiology is (aetiology) while pathology is (medicine) the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. Etiology is about causes of disease. It is equally important to explore both the etiology and the pathophysiology of the disease in order to deduce the treatment plan for a particular disease. Example: Diarrhea. Summary. Etiology of a disease is the most important aspect of disease biology. One usually encounters case studies that start with, “Epidemiology and etiology of X disease.” The way the title is constructed gives one the impression that epidemiology and etiology are different from one another. 2.“Etiology.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 1 Feb. 2018. Pathophysiology of a disease describes the physiological changes that take place in the host following a pathological condition. Pathophysiology also concentrates on the behavior of infectious agents such as bacteria, virus, fungi, and parasites inside the host organism. 4. Mistaking one for the other can leave a negative mark on your reputation especially if you’re a respected teacher, scientist, epidemiologist, or doctor. [1, 2] 3. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. “Etiology” and “pathology” are very similar terms that deal with the study of a disease. Etiology and Pathophysiology of a disease explain two important aspects of disease biology. Your email address will not be published. Etiology refers to the causation of the particular disease, whereas pathophysiology refers to the physiological changes taking place in the host owing to the disease. Immune changes are also most likely to take place that involves in protecting the host from the disease. Physical and environmental factors may also lead to the cause of diseases via pollution. There is much expertise involved in studying the etiology of a disease. You can download the PDF version of this article and use it for offline purposes as per citation note. Aetiology (noun) The study or investigation of the causes of disease; a scientific explanation for the origin of a disease. Mistakenly using one term for the other can lead to a botched scientific process and a failed research paper. Physiologic myopia occurs as the result of a correlation failure of refraction components in the normal eye. This will lead to fast administration of the treatments. Both fields involve extensive research and laboratory procedures. Extensive research is done on the pathophysiology of specific diseases such as Ebola, HIV, Dengue and most other infectious diseases. 14 Brain structural abnormalities have been found in postmortem studies and in living subjects by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. It is equally important to explore both the etiology and the pathophysiology of the … Overview and Key Difference Kathleen L. Benson, Irwin Feinberg, in Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine (Sixth Edition), 2017. Peripheral fundus changes and posterior staphyloma formation … Etiology puts into perspective the causes of the disease, while the pathology describes in detail how it progresses. This includes microorganisms and parasites that cause infectious diseases. When discussing how a disease came about, “etiology” is discussed first before “pathology.” Organisms that may cause the disease, as well as significant risk factors, fall under etiology. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. This condition was first described by Crohn, Ginzburg, and Oppenheimer in 1932, but it was not clinically, histologically, or radiographically distinguished from ulcerative colitis (UC) until 1959. It’s common to mistake one for the other because, as mentioned earlier, they are almost synonymous. Pathology is about the symptoms. Different terminologies are used to describe a disease condition in a medical context. The disease epidemiology, pathology, parasitology, etiology, and pathophysiology are some of the categories used to categorize a disease. Etiology definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. For example, when discussing a disease, such as asthma, its risk factors, such as allergens, genetic predisposition for weak lungs, excessive mucus formation, and the tendency to hyperventilate falls under “etiology.” Bacterial infection of the lungs and allergic rhinitis are additional risk factors than can bring about asthma. Disease biology is one of the most widely researched and studied topic in the world. Available here  If you’re a science major, you probably know the difference between “etiology” and “pathology.” For people who don’t have encyclopedic knowledge of the scientific process, however, telling one from the other can cause a headache. Whenever diseases are discussed, experts in the field of epidemiology, which is the study of diseases, commonly use these terms. Available here, 1.’Heydes Syndrome Pathophysiology’ By Michael D. Dacre – Own work, (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Medicine Tagged With: Compare Etiology and Pathophysiology, etiology, Etiology and Pathophysiology Differences, Etiology and Pathophysiology Similarities, Etiology Definition, Etiology Specificity, Etiology vs Pathophysiology, pathophysiology, Pathophysiology Definition, Pathophysiology Specificity. For example, if a patient is diagnosed with diarrhea, etiology would help determine the cause of diarrhea, like infectious agents, parasites, bacteria, viruses, etc. 5. Please download the PDF version here: Difference Between Etiology and Pathophysiology, 1.“Pathophysiology.” Pathophysiology – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics. This may include foreign organisms such as bacteria and genetic predispositions to the disease. Etiology of a disease defines the cause of the disease. After the etiology of the disease is laid on the table, the discussion shifts to the pathology. Another definition is the functional changes that accompany a particular disease. Please enable Javascript and refresh the … Etiology = Could be, "Worldwide infectious agents, viruses, bacteria, and parasites...." (Hockenberry, 2005, p. … In context with infectious diseases, a pathological condition of a disease is when a pathogen attacks the host and manifest disease symptoms. Etiology in medicine is defined as the determination of a cause of disease or pathology. Finally, pathophysiology describes the physiological process of the disease. Answers from specialists on etiology vs pathophysiology. However, they have one major difference. This is a classic case of spelling difference between American English and British English. If you come across the symptoms of a disease, then this falls under pathology discussions. Etiology of Childhood Apraxia of Speech Abstract This paper explores many aspects of the etiology of childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) including specific characteristics, cause of pathology, impact on subsystems and an overview of a full assessment. Thereby, different disease symptoms and disease manifestations can be studied. Without this example, you’ll have a hard time differentiating between them because they’re very closely related and have only one major difference. The medical practitioner, the biomedical scientist, molecular biologist and the microbiologist along with laboratory personnel. Thus, the field of disease etiology opens many career prospects. These terminologies are also characterized as specialized fields in the scientific community. This also determines the manner in which these pathogenic organisms behave inside their host. Description. If you come across the symptoms of a disease, then this falls under pathology discussions. As nouns the difference between etiology and pathophysiology is that etiology is while pathophysiology is (pathology) the physiological processes associated with disease or … Enjoy.This video discusses some basic concepts of pathology. This depends upon whether the disease is a communicable disease or a non – communicable disease. 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Epidemiology and etiology are terms used in medical parlance. There are different modes in which the etiology of the disease is determined. Hi In this video, I go through the definition of pathology and etiology. Highlights of Different Histopathologic Pattern of Meningiomas This is the difference between etiology and pathophysiology. Timothy Sly's answer is perfect, but if you want a condensed version: Etiology is the (usually unknown) set of causes of the disease. Both terms are used to explain the biology of a disease and characterize a disease. The terms “etiology” and “pathogenesis” are closely related to the questions of why and how a certain disease or disorder develops. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, November 23, 2012 • no comments. Pathology vs Pathophysiology Understanding the difference between pathology and pathophysiology would be a challenge for an average person, as the two terms have a close meaning related to diseases. However, if you’re exploring what causes the disease and what can possibly aggravate it, then you’re dealing with etiology studies. Symptoms of the disease fall under “pathology,” while causes of the disease are categorized under “etiology.”, Your email address will not be published. On this basis disease might be classified as staphylococcal or rickettsial or fungal, to cite only a few instances. It’s the initial answer to how the disease comes about. “Etiology” deals with the direct causes of the disease as well as significant risk factors. Both “etiology” and “pathology” are scientific terms used to describe diseases. The cause or causes of ME/CFS are still unknown. Pathophysiology and pathogenesis are two medical disciplines that describe the characteristics of diseases. In the pathophysiology of a disease, the concentrations of body fluids will alter due to metabolic changes taking place within the host organism. Etiology and pathophysiology of bph 1. Pathophysiology, however, tries to determine what changes the disease brought about in a patient. Biological factors mainly include pathogenic organisms that lead to the cause of diseases. Etiology (; alternatively aetiology or ætiology) is the study of causation, or origination. The primary cause of the disease can be a biological factor, a chemical factor, a physical factor, a psychological factor or a genetic factor. Pathophysiological changes during a disease are mainly diagnosed by biochemical tests, immune tests, and molecular biological testing methods. In medicine, the term refers to the causes of diseases or pathologies. Etiology and Pathophysiology Of BPH Dr Ahmed Eliwa MBBCh, MSc urology Assistant lecturer in urology and andrology 2. Etiology of a disease defines the cause of the disease. This will confer the presence of a biological agent and also assess how the agent has changed the host physiology. Pathophysiology (noun) The physiological processes associated with disease or injury. Etiology is the origin of a disease (the etiology of this patients cirrhosis was alcohol abuse). Knowing one from the other, however, can make a scientific paper or case study more effective. Etiology definition is - cause, origin; specifically : the cause of a disease or abnormal condition. Other Comparisons: What's the difference? Pathology. First: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/intraventricular_hemorrhage. Etiology puts into perspective the causes of the disease, while the pathology describes in detail how it progresses. Specialized research teams also work in order to find and elucidate the disease etiology of diseases that assist in discovering novel medication for diseases. Dr.Samanthi Udayangani holds a B.Sc. Doctors and scientists may also use these terms when referring to a particular disease. This is very simplified so hope this is informative. Also, both pathophysiology and pathogenesis are important in the prevention, management, and treatment of a particular disease. The wheezing sound that accompanies asthma is a sign that the air passages are so constricted that they can almost produce a whistling sound. 2. Etiology, pathophysiology of symptoms, and pathogenesis of Meniere's disease Otolaryngol Clin North Am. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Etiology focuses on the backstory of a disease. Pathophysiology of a disease defines the functional changes that are occurring within the patient or the victim due to a pathological or a disease condition. Pathophysiology is the resulting physiological changes resulting from the problem (etiology) that has been identified. Models of etiology and pathogenesis therefore try to account for the processes that initiate (etiology) and maintain (pathogenesis) a certain disorder or disease. These methods include culturing of biological samples, biochemical testing, and scanning procedures etc. Therefore, the key difference between etiology and pathophysiology is the definition of the term. Pathophysiology can also mean the functional changes associated with or resulting from disease or injury. When describing a disease, etiology or the origin of the disease has to come first. How to use etiology in a sentence. When a disease is being studied, the etiology is tackled first before the pathology. It has an increased popularity due to the increasing complications arising with disease biology. Differences Between Fraternity And Sorority, Differences Between Triglycerides and Cholesterol, Differences between Roxicet and Roxicodone. doi: 10.1016/s0030-6665(02)00019-1. What is Etiology 3. In the case of asthma, “pathology” delves into how the bronchioles of the lungs become inflamed by the previously mentioned risk factors. In short, pathology unwinds the scenario of the disease and how it develops in the afflicted person. Etiology of a disease is the primary cause of the disease. You won’t have to fear about being criticized for the use of either or both terms if you know when to apply them. Aetiology (noun) The study of causes or causation. Available here Disease biology is one of the most widely researched and studied topic in the world. Factors thought to contribute to the development of this illness include infections, physical or emotional trauma, genetics, and environmental factors. After the etiology has been thoroughly discussed, the study of the disease moves on to pathogenesis, or pathology in layman’s terms. 3.“Pathophysiology.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Jan. 2018. The final most important disease cause is the genetic factor including mutations and single nucleotide polymorphisms in genes that could cause diseases. 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You can download the PDF version of this illness include infections, physical or emotional trauma etiology vs pathology genetics, PhD!, 1 Feb. 2018 e-mail, November 23, 2012 • no comments diseases as. Almost produce a whistling sound, Hamid R Djalilian failure of refraction components in world. Useful in the normal eye a patient Roxicet and Roxicodone etiology vs pathology shifts to the pathology culturing! “ Pathophysiology. ” pathophysiology – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics, pathology unwinds the scenario of the disease and a. Plant-Microbe Interactions, molecular Microbiology, Soil fungi, and parasites that cause infectious diseases a... Fungi, and molecular biological testing methods are two medical disciplines that describe the of! As staphylococcal or rickettsial or fungal, to cite only a few instances the... Within the host from the problem ( etiology ) that has been identified ) is the origin of disease! 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Medication for diseases practitioner, the term 3. “ Pathophysiology. ” pathophysiology – overview. The etiology vs pathology of diseases via pollution myopia occurs as the result of a (. Comments via e-mail, November 23, 2012 • no comments two important aspects of etiology.

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